The Incident Command System (ICS), created by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), is a standardized management tool for meeting demands of small or large emergency or non-emergency situations. This system has become the standard for emergency management across the country. As a key feature of the National Management System (NIMS), ICS is designed to enable effective and efficient domestic incident management by integrating a combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications operating within a common organizational structure, designed to enable effective and efficient domestic incident management. ICS is used by all levels of government, such as Federal, State, Local, Tribal, as well as private-sector and non-governmental organizations. ICS is also applicable across disciplines. It is normally structured to facilitate activities in five major functional areas: incident command, operations, planning, logistics, and finance and administration.